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Gastric Carcinoma

Gastric carcinoma represents the most common gastric neoplasm accounting for 95% of all gastric tumors . Besides, it is one of the most common cancer in the world and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. It cause 30% of the cancer deaths in high risk areas, such

Stomach Cancer Stages & diagnosis

Early diagnosis can be achieved if early warning signals such as bleeding are caught. If you are over fifty, an annual fecal blood test can discover any internal bleeding. If a colonoscopy then proves negative, an upper endoscopic investigation should be done. Most of this bleeding will be caused by

Stomach Cancer Symptoms

It is hard to find stomach cancer in its early stage because there often are no symptoms. When the symptoms do occur, they can be vague, and people often ignore them. Stomach Cancer Symptoms  usually arrive late because of the large capacity of the stomach. Anyone who feels full

Peptic Ulcers in NSAID and Aspirin Users

Patients who develop peptic ulcers while on NSAIDs should be tested and treated for H pylori and the NSAID should be discontinued if possible. Acid-suppressive medication, usually with a proton pump inhibitor, should also be administered. Proton pump inhibitors block acid secretion by irreversibly binding and inhibiting

Helicobacter pylori Infection

Helicobacter pylori is a spiral gram-negative urease-producing bacterium that can be found in the mucus coating the gastric mucosa or between the mucous layer and gastric epithelium. Multiple factors enable the bacterium to live in the hostile stomach acid environment, including its ability to produce urease, which

Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic and increasingly recognized inflammatory disorder of the esophagus characterized by abnormal infiltration of eosinophils of the esophageal mucosa, often resulting in dysphagia and food impaction. The disorder is being diagnosed with much greater frequency and increased recognition alone may not be responsible

Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Unlike Crohn disease, inflammation in ulcerative colitis is limited to the mucosal layer of the colon. The rectum is virtually always involved, with inflammation extending proximally in a confluent fashion. The extent of proximal involvement is variable. A significant proportion of patients have disease confined to the


Jaundice is the abnormal accumulation of bilirubin in body tissues which occurs when the serum bilirubin level exceeds 50 µmol/L (3 mg/dL). Excess bilirubin causes a yellow tinting to the skin, sclera and mucous membranes. A basic knowledge of bilirubin metabolism is necessary to understand the investigations

Crohn Disease and Ulcerative Colitis

Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis are inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) of undetermined cause. The diseases strike rich and poor, men and women, whites, blacks, and Asians. It is most frequently diagnosed in individuals between fifteen and thirty years of age. The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America